CUPS has traditionally provided a dynamic web interface through dedicated CGI programs that are executed when users open special directories on the CUPS server. Each CGI performs administration, class, help, job, and printer functions as directed by the user, but the actual programs that are run and functions that are available are limited to those that were originally designed into the scheduler.
Support is now available for CGI programs and specific scripting languages, currently Java, Perl, PHP, and Python. The interpreters for these languages are currently configured at compile time. Future versions may expand the interface to allow for generic support of scripting languages similar to the Apache "AddHandler" directive, but with external programs instead of modules.
Table 1 shows the MIME media types that are reserved for the CGI support in CUPS. The names have been chosen to mirror those used by Apache:
|MIME Media Type||Description|
In order to enable the corresponding type, you must create a new /etc/cups/cgi.types file which maps the filename extensions to the appropriate MIME type, for example:
application/x-httpd-cgi cgi application/x-httpd-java class application/x-httpd-perl pl application/x-httpd-php php application/x-httpd-python py
CGI scripts/programs (application/x-httpd-cgi) also must have execution permissions to be treated as a CGI script or program.
CUPS implements most of the CGI/1.1 specification, with the following exceptions: